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Diazepam

Diazepam

Coated tablets 2mg
Coated tablets 5mg
Coated tablets 10mg

ATC N05B A01
Prescription-only medicine

POSOLOGY AND METHOD OF ADMINISTRATION

Posology: As an anxiolytic, the lowest effective dose should be employed; dosage regimes should not exceed beyond 4 weeks and treatment should be gradually withdrawn. Patients who have received benzodiazepines for a long time may require an extended withdrawal period. Long-term chronic use is not recommended.

Adults:  

Anxiety states, obsessive-compulsive neuroses, and other psychiatric disorders: 5-30 mg daily in divided doses.

Insomnia associated with anxiety: 5-15 mg before retiring.

Cerebral palsy: 5-60 mg daily in divided doses.

Upper motor neuronic spasticity: 5-60 mg daily in divided doses.

Muscle spasm of varied aetiology, fibrositis, cervical spondylosis: 5-15 mg daily in divided doses.

Adjunct to the management of some types of epilepsy: 2-60 mg daily in divided doses.

Alcohol withdrawal: 5-20 mg, repeated if necessary in 2 to 4 hours.

Oral premedication in dental patients: 5 mg the night before, 5 mg on waking and 5 mg two hours before the appointment.

Oral Premedication before surgery: 5 mg-20 mg.

Children: Alternative presentations of diazepam are recommended for paediatric usage in order to obtain suitable doses of less than 5mg.

Spastic children with minimal brain damage: 5-40mg daily in divided doses.

Oral Premedication before surgery: 2 mg-10 mg.

Elderly and debilitated patients: Doses should be half the above-recommended doses.

Renal and hepatic impairment: The use of diazepam in hepatic impairment may precipitate coma, therefore the dose should be reduced or an alternative drug considered. In severe renal impairment, the dose should be reduced.


Method of Administration: For oral administration.


Medicine’s information on this web page is only a short description of its characteristics. Do not take them as recommendations for self-treatment of your health condition.

You must inform your physician and pharmacist and follow their recommendations before you use the medicine for treatment. Always read carefully the patient information leaflet.

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COMPOSITION

Each coated tablet contains diazepam 2 mg.
Each coated tablet contains diazepam 5 mg.
Each coated tablet contains diazepam 10 mg.

THERAPEUTIC INDICATIONS

Adults
1) The short-term relief (2-4 weeks) only, of anxiety which is severe, disabling, or subjecting the individual to unacceptable distress, occurring alone or in association with insomnia or short-term psychosomatic, organic or psychotic illness.
2) Cerebral palsy.
3) Muscle spasm.
4) As an adjunct to certain types of epilepsy (eg myoclonus).
5) Symptomatic treatment of acute alcohol withdrawal.
6) As oral premedication for the nervous dental patient.
7) For premedication before surgery.
Children
1) Control of tension and irritability in cerebral spasticity in selected cases.
2) As an adjunct to the control of muscle spasm in tetanus.
3) Oral premedication.

CONTRAINDICATIONS

• Known hypersensitivity to benzodiazepines and any other ingredients in diazepam tablets.
• Phobic or obsessional states; chronic psychosis (paradoxical reactions may occur).
• Acute pulmonary insufficiency; respiratory depression (ventilatory failure may be exacerbated).
• Myasthenia gravis (condition may be exacerbated).
• Sleep apnoea (condition may be exacerbated).
• Severe hepatic insufficiency (elimination half-life of diazepam may be prolonged).
• Acute porphyria.
• Diazepam should not be used as monotherapy in patients with depression or those with anxiety and depression as suicide may be precipitated in such patients.


PACKAGING

Box of 30 coated tablets of 2 mg in a blister package.
Box of 30 coated tablets of 5 mg in a blister package.
Box of 30 coated tablets of 10 mg in a blister package.